Many carpenters (me included) hate staining and finishing wood. Helps to distinguish the inherent character of different wood species better than pigment stains. How one carpenter resolves conflicts between trim design and installation around the stairs. DIY Network explains the difference between top-coats and finishes. Learn how to choose and use wood stains and clear protective finishes. When you stain you add color to the wood so the net result is some combination of the color you’ve applied plus the color that was originally on the wood. The differences between oil- and water-based finishes are important to keep in mind.
A wood stain consists of a colorant suspended or dissolved in an agent or solvent. The difference between the two is in the size of the particles. Dyes are microscopic crystals that dissolve in the vehicle and pigments are suspended in the vehicle and are much larger. In certain cases you need to clean the wood or remove existing stains prior to staining the wood with a commercial stain in order to avoid damaging the wood. This can be the case for both unfinished and finished wood. Wood stains and paints are similar in one sense that they help add rich color to wood. The primer allows for uniform absorption of paint thereby giving the wood surface a smooth unvarying finish. Q. What is the difference between painting or staining your house? Thus, if you stain wood or concrete, for example, you still expect to see the texture of the wood or concrete, while imparting a different color. ), semi-transparent and solid color stains are generally applied without a clear finish coat.
If you’ve never put brush to bare wood (or you’d like a refresher), learn how to greatly improve your chances of success. Don’t overlap the stain onto a surface that has already been completed or the double application may cause a difference in color. You can apply a finish either directly to the wood or over a stain after it has dried. Sand these out between each coat. Most of us notice the difference between paint and stain when we open the can because stain is always thinner than paint. The beauty of a stain finish lies in its ability to accent the texture of the wood. Learn how to finish wood projects – learn the basic steps, tools, and tips on the Wood Finishing 101 site from the experts at Minwax. Try to match grain patterns in boards that will be used next to one another, since differences will become more pronounced once you brush on a coat of stain. To sand between chair spindles, wrap a strip of sandpaper around the spindle and work it back and forth like dental floss.
Whether you want to stain a wood floor, furniture or something else altogether, whether it’s exterior wood stain or interior wood stain, they’re all easy to apply, let the beautiful grain show through and deliver a superb, durable, colour-fast finish. The difference between the two is in the size of the particles. The wait between applying one coat of oil-based finish and adding the next may be as short as four hours or as long as 18. If a wood surface has been stained with an oil-based product, avoid using a water-based finish. And, as we discovered, subtle differences exist between the three major brands we tested. General Finishes is an outstanding gel stain and has a great wiping gel varnish. Although the differences between varnish and lacquer are fairly subtle, there are some contrasts between the two that need to be pointed out. Since varnishes have very little color, they can also be applied over a wood stain to enhance the shine of the wood. Both varnish and lacquer provide shiny and glossy finishes to furniture and fixture surfaces. What’s the difference, for instance, between wood dye and wood stain? If you dye or stain wood do you then need to varnish it? This isn’t necessarily a bad thing, as it will tend to make the finish more ‘even’ which may be what you want. Applying the right finish on your wood flooring offers two compelling benefits. Now that we know the difference between staining and finishing, which finish is the best for your application?.
Finishing For First-timers
Understand difference between pigments and dyes. That’s important, since leaving too much of some stains atop the wood can cause finishes to delaminate, turn hazy, or chip off easily. The main difference between the two is has to do with the depth of the color they produce, and the degree to which they obscure the grain pattern of the wood. A binder can be any clear wood finish that will cure and adhere to the surface of the wood, but most commercially available stains use a long-oil (high curing oil content) binder, which dries slowly and helps insure that there is plenty of open time to wipe on the stain before it begins to set up. Use them to eliminate the last specks of dust after you sand between coats. The only difference between staining this way is that you will be using a brush to apply the stain and all other processes are the same. Once you have finished your staining you will need to apply a coat of clear, either varnish or polyurethane, without a coat of clear the stain will slowly be worn away with wear and tear.