Wood. The timber. Egypt did not have any great forests nor many tall trees. As far back as 4000 BCE, the ancient Egyptians created a high level of art and decoration that continued through 30 dynasties and four main periods: First, the Ancient Kingdom, from around 4180 BCE to 3000 BCE and in particular Lower Egypt and the city of Memphis; second, the Middle Kingdom, from 3000 BCE to 1587 BCE, with its high point at around 2600 BCE and having Thebes as its capital; third, the Modern Kingdom, from 1587 BCE to 702 BCE and declining around 950 BCE; and fourth, the Later Period from 664 BCE to 525 BCE, when Egypt was conquered buy the Persians, again in 332 BCE after a revival by Alexander the Great, and again by the Romans in 31 BCE. Some wood panels from the tomb of Hosul Egypt, at Sakkarah are of the III. dynasty. The carving consists of Egyptian hieroglyphs and figures in low relief, and the style is extremely delicate and fine.
Woodcarving has been around just about as long as man has been upon this earth. Due to wood being a material that will not withstand the test of time, woodcarvings must be protected and taken care of if they are to endure. The climate in Egypt is the only climate where this could happen. Wood is a perishable material and has not the same continuous history as stone. Ancient stone carvings are still unearthed; Greek bronzes are still being fished out of the sea. The ancient Egyptian sculptor would recognize the basic carving tools in my studio today, specifically the mallets and the chisels. The wooden carver’s Mallet is also virtually the same today as it was four thousand years ago.
The Egyptian theme continues with the student presentation of the ancient woodcarving problem. We like how Ms. Bithell brings it up to date by introducing the problem as part of an Internet auction. Engraving on wood: Discover The Wonders Of Egyptian Wood Carving See more about Wood Carvings and Woods. Wood carving is done by some unusually skilled artisans from upper Egypt. Carved ducks and tortes as well as kitchen wooden spoons and bowls – Egyptian traditional crafts,Bedouin carpets, Silver Egyptian Jewelry,artisan axis.
The Woodcarver’s Cabin
Wood carving is one of the oldest crafts in the world. Prehistoric peoples used wood to make decorative handles for their tools and weapons. In ancient Egypt, religious figures carved of wood were placed in tombs to protect the dead. Of the materials used by the Egyptian sculptors, we find – clay, wood, metal, ivory, and stone – stone was the most plentiful and permanent, available in a wide variety of colors and hardness. Egyptians used steatite ( some varieties were called soapstone) and carved small pieces of vases, amulets, images of deities, of animals and several other objects. The methods employed by the Egyptians in cutting the hard stones which they so frequently worked, have long remained undetermined. Carving on softer stones was done using copper chisels and stone tools; hard stone required tools of yet harder stone, copper alloys, and the use of abrasive sand to shape them. Wood. Egyptian artists also used a variety of woods in their work, including the native acacia, tamarisk, and sycamore fig as well as fir, cedar, and other conifers imported from Syria. A large number of smaller examples of Egyptian wood-carving exist in various museums, such as furniture, boxes, im-plements for the toilet, and the like, frequently decorated with slight surface reliefs of animals or plants, and graceful patterns formed of the lotus or papyrus flower treated with great decorative skill. Egyptian Sculpture, Statues, Reliefs of Ancient Egypt: History, Types, Materials, Sculptors: 3000-323 BCE. Like reliefs, wood-carved statues and those made of soft stone were frequently treated with stucco and paint, in a similar fashion.