In essence, following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Middle East fell into the hands of European powers like Great Britain and France. Eugene Rogan’s study of the great war from the Ottoman perspective reveals the root cause of many of today’s conflicts. In November 1914, the world’s only great Muslim empire was drawn into a life-or-death struggle against three historically Christian powers Britain, France and Russia.
Hence there is much debate over when the Ottoman Empire began to significantly decline. However with the falling standards of education, the system could not cope and became centres of idleness with students participating in social anarchy. The Ottoman army is allowed three days of pillage (a depressing convention of medieval warfare), but Mehmed keeps it under tolerable control. He has acquired a capital for his empire.
» Part I