Ottoman Empire History 1915 (DIY Project Download)

ottoman empire history 1915 1

Armenians in Turkey: 1915-1919 1500,00 Deaths. But by the 1800s the once powerful Ottoman Empire was in serious decline. For centuries, it had spurned technological and economic progress, while the nations of Europe had embraced innovation and became industrial giants. The Ottoman Empire was the state responsible for the Armenian Genocide. In a series of genocidal massacres repeated in 1895-1896, 1909, 1915-1918, and 1920-1922, the Armenian population of Turkey was annihilated. The genocide practically emptied the Ottoman Empire and current Turkey from its Christian population, leaving an almost entirely Muslim/Turkish Turkey. The authorities have also renamed almost all villages, towns, mountains, and rivers in Armenia and changed their historical Armenian name to Turkish ones.

ottoman empire history 1915 2They had been absorbed by the Ottoman Empire and occupied a reduced territory located in what is now north-eastern Turkey. The atrocities began in the spring of 1915 with the methodical killing of as many young, able-bodied Armenian men as possible. The roots of the genocide lie in the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. As the Ottoman Empire suffered its first losses in the First World War, the Young Turk government rounded up intellectuals and political leaders from its Christian Armenian minority. Some historians, including western historians, agree, pointing to a recent history of Armenian nationalist and Marxist terrorism against the Ottoman Empire, in which numerous Ottoman officials and even Armenians who sided with the state were killed.

In the last years of the Ottoman Empire, ethnic divisions became a bigger problem for those in charge and the Armenians were viewed with suspicion. As long as we demand that our history conforms to an impossibly simple moral template, we will be unable to understand what happened to the Armenians and, more dangerously, unable to confront genocide in the world today. This was the very situation in which the Ottoman Empire found itself during World War I. Which is why, both in private and increasingly now in public, a growing number of historians Mark Mazower’s thoughtful discussions of the subject and U ur mit ng r’s more recent scholarship stand out believe both that the Ottoman government organized and carried out an unprecedented campaign of genocide against Armenians in 1915, and also that this crime was motivated, in part, by waves of ethnic cleansing committed against the Ottoman Empire’s Muslim population in the Balkans and the Caucasus. Key information and statistics about the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.

The Massacre Of The Armenians, 1915

Map showing the Ottoman Empire at the start of the First World War. RELATED TO MAP OF OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN 1914. More than one million Armenians were expected to gather in their capital to commemorate the centenary of the mass killings as the Ottoman Empire crumbled in 1915. The final years of the Ottoman Empire was a tragic period for the people that made up the Empire. Turks, Armenians, and many others suffered immensely. The Ottoman Empire before World War I was in a state of rapid transition and decay. The Ottoman Empire was one of the greatest empires in world history. Despite some notable Ottoman victories, for example at Gallipoli in 1915-6, Allied troops and Arab nationalists drove the Ottoman army out of the Arabian peninsula, Palestine and Syria, and at the end of the war Allied troops occupied Constantinople. The Ottoman Empire called for a military jihad against France, Russia and Great Britain in November 1914. This attempt, in early February 1915, to breach British defences on the Suez Canal and raise an Islamic revolt in Egypt, failed however, and resulted in heavy losses for the attackers.

Echr: Why Turkey Won’t Talk About The Armenian Genocide

Armenian Genocide history and timeline from 1914-1920. A Summary of Armenian History up to and including the year 1915. The next step of the Armenian Genocide began on 24 April 1915 with the mass arrest, and ultimate murder, of religious, political and intellectual leaders in Constantinople and elsewhere in the empire. The Turks complete the occupation of Greece, which remains within the Ottoman empire until the nineteenth century.