Map with the Participants in World War I: Green: Allies. This map is part of a series of 19 animated maps showing the history of Europe from the end of World War I to the onset of World War II. Last, the Ottoman Empire was stripped of much of its territory and only allowed to keep a small foothold in Europe. A political map of the region from 1930 looks nearly identical to one from 2013.
Map of Ottoman Empire in 1914 More. 6.28.1919 – The peace Treaty of Versailles was signed at the end of WWI, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. First, it was secret without any Arabic knowledge, and it negated the main promise that Britain had made to the Arabs in the 1910s – that if they rebelled against the Ottomans, the fall of that empire would bring them independence. (Image credit: The Ottoman Empire in 1914 by cla.calpoly.edu).
Even though the shaky Ottoman Empire had lost most of her lands, she was still extending to the Persian Gulf through what today are Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia (parts of the green area on the above map). As you can see on the following map, at the beginning of WW1 the interior of the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia) was not controlled by any great power since oil had not been discovered yet. Among the hundreds of maps from the Great War, you’ll find commercial maps produced for sale to the general public, pictorial propaganda maps, newspaper maps intended to illustrate the unfolding conflict, and military maps produced for a variety of purposes including training, planning offensive and defensive operations, troop dispositions and more. The modern countries of Saudi Arabia and Yemen were among those created from the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire; and the Sykes-Picot agreement of 1916 between France and Great Britain with the acquiescence of Imperial Russia determining the modern borders of Syria and Iraq are just a few of many such examples.