Random number tables have been in statistics for tasks such as selected random samples. This was much more effective than manually selecting the random samples (with dice, cards, etc. We will define simple random sampling, show why it is used, how people use it, and illustrate some examples. There is a very simple example in the powerpoint, and more in depth examples in the videos below. Do you use a random method of choosing where to start on the random digits table, or do you just choose yourself? Perhaps the most efficient is to partition the random digits into longish groups, interpret them as values in the interval 0,1) by placing an implicit decimal point in front of them, multiplying those by N, and rounding down.
We can use the random digits in Table B in the back of the text to simulate tossing a fair coin. Start at line 109 and read the numbers from left to right. If the number is 0,1,2,3 or 4, you will say that coin toss resulted in a head: if the number is a 5,6,7,8 or 9 the outcome is tails.
We Can Use The Random Digits In Table B In The