One of the distinguishing factors of the Ottoman Empire from other peripheries was that it was never colonised but was subject to inter-imperialist rivalry. However, with foreign debt dropping from 242 million Turkish pounds in 1875 to 139 million in 1914 these events appear overstated in the literature and cannot be construed as causes or be considered part of a larger decline. Imperial decline in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Such as many other empires, the Ottoman Empire seems to come from nowhere. When in the end of the 18th and 19th centuries the modernization of Ottoman state started, the so-called Tanzimat (or Reconstruction ), it was already late.
Decline of the Ottoman empire, as the strongest of agrarian based gun-powder empires of the Islamic world, may have been a mere cycle of boom and bust had it not coincided with great changes in Western Europe; this change was with in the context of world-historical development at the time; by the 18th century, world history was taking a new turn, in this Moslems no longer had a dominant role; the decline of the Islamic world happened at a time when Western Europe was experiencing a prolonged period of out-standing creativity which was to prove historically decisive for all the world; the decline of the Islamic world (Ottoman and Safavid) had coincided with the advent of Modernity. Among the most important reasons are the social and religious changes in the Ottoman realm. Mahmud II’s reforms only began the drastic changes that the Ottoman Empire would undergo in the turbulent 19th century. There are numerous reasons for the decline of the Ottoman Empire. By the time of the 19th century, the European mock name of the empire was correct: The sick man of Europe.
The 19th century was one of degradation, as the Ottomans struggled to retain control of their empire, in the face of external pressure and internal turmoil. There were several reasons for this decline. There were two responses to this decline by the Ottomans. During the 19th century this second group triumphed and the result was the Ottoman reform movement which began during the reign of Mahmud II. However, while its supremacy lasted and the empire declined slowly. The Ottoman Empire started in the 1280s and was one of the principal and longest lasting dynasties in the region. This turn of events that occurred in Europe during the 19th century had its roots in in the time period known as the Renaissance of the 12th century.
In the 16th century the Ottoman Empire was truly one of the premier empires in the world. What caused their gradual decline? Empire was militarily inferior to other European powers by the beginning of the 19th century, was losing wars and territory by the late 19th and early 20th century, and totally disintegrated as a political unit in the years following WWI. By Antonella Grieco in Ottoman Empire and Tanzimat reforms Ottoman Empire. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the Ottoman Empire was still the most powerful state in the world both in wealth and military capability. Western historians point to internal decline in the bureaucracy along with increased military efficiency of European powers as the principle reason for the decline of the Empire. This practice effectively destroyed the Ottoman craft industries in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. What factors led to the territorial decline of the Ottoman Empire over the course of the nineteenth century? What territories were lost? Answer: By the late seventeenth century, the Ottoman empire had reached the limits of its expansion. Overall, what weaknesses led to the collapse of the Qing dynasty? Answer: The Chinese empire and the Qing dynasty experienced even more difficulties than did the Ottoman and Russian empires during the nineteenth century. The Ottoman Empire fell after the decline of power of sultanate. Its defeat in WWI caused the empire to fall apart. During the 18th and 19th century, the industrial revolution allowed for western European countries to develop new technology, which was a leading cause for their victory over the Central Powers in WWI. Ottoman armies surrounded the city for two months in the summer of 1683. Christian armies arrived, and with the Battle of Vienna the Ottomans withdrew, their expansion in Europe at its end.